Contact Information

Fax: 507-625-1096
Monday - Friday 8am to 5pm

Ophthalmology Associates
1630 Adams Street
Mankato, MN 56001

Eye Diseases

What is Adult Stabismus?

Strabimus is a condition in which the eyeballs are not aligned properly and point different directions. When it occurs in adults, it is called Adult Stabismus. Nearly 4 in every 100 adults have adult strabismus. Strabismus can be treated by eye exercises, eyeglasses containing prisms, Botox injections and eye muscle surgery.

What is Amblyopia?

Amblyopia is poor vision in an eye that did not develop normal sight during early childhood. I is sometimes called "lazy eye". To correct amblyopia, a child must be made to use the weak eye. This is done by blurring or patching the strong eye, often for weeks or months.

What is Age Related Wet Macular Degeneration?

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease of the macula, the small part of the eye's retina that is responsible for our central vision. This condition affects our central vision an can make some activities very difficult or Impossible. Macular degeneration is the leading cause of severe vision loss in people over the age of 50. The most common treatment for Wet AMD involves injecting a drug into the eye that stops blood vessel growth and bleeding. These procedures may save more of your sight overall, though they are not cures for that bring your vision back to normal.

What is Bell's palsy?

Bell's palsy is a nerve disorder that causes partial or slight paralysis on one side of the face. The cause of Bell's palsy is unknown it may result from problems in the immune system or possible blockage of blood flow to a nerve. In over 80% of cases, Bell's palsy disappears on its own.

What is Blepharitis?

Blepharitis is a common and persistent inflammation of the eyelids. This condition frequently occurs in people have oily skin or dry eyes. Symptoms of blepharitis are eyelid irritation, itchiness of the eye burning sensation. I is usually treated with warm compresses or eye lid scrubs using a wet clean washcloth.

What is Cataract?

A cataract is a clouding of the eye's naturally clear lens. The lens focuses light rays on the retina to produce a sharp image of we see. When the lens becomes cloudy, light rays cannot pass through it easily and vision is blurred. If a cataract needs to be treated by surgery, the cloudy lens is removed from the eye through a surgical incision. In most cases the natural lens is replaced with a permanent intraocular lens implant.

What is Conjunctivitis?

Conjunctivitis is the term used to describe inflammation of the conjunctiva-the thin, filmy membrane that covers the inside of your eyelids and the part of your eye (scle ra). Conjunctivitis is most commonly referred to as "pink" eye. Infectious conjunctivitis is highly while the eyes are draining. Your Ophthalmologist can help you decide if over the counter drops or a prescription drop is best for you.

What is a Corneal Abrasion?

The cornea is the clear front window of the eye. It covers the iris (colored portion of the eye) and the round pupil, much like a watch crystal covers the face of the watch. A corneal abrasion may be treated by patching the injured eye to prevent the eyelid from blinking, applying lubricating eye drops and using antibiotics to stop the possibility of infection.

What is Cystoid Macular Edema?

Cystoid macular edema (CME) is the swelling of the macula. The most common symptom of CME is blurred or distorted central vision. CME can be caused by Blockage of a blood vessel in the retina, uveitis, Diabetes and eye surgery or trauma. Depending on the cause of CME it can be treated by anti-inflammatory eye drops, injection of steroids into the eye laser surgery to repair blood vessel and possibly a procedure called a Vitrectomy.

What is a Detached Retina?

A retinal detachment occurs when the retina is pulled away from its normal position. The retina does not work when it is detached which cause a blurry image. A retinal detachment is a very serious problem that almost always causes blindness if not treated. There are several types of surgeries to fix a detachment, Scleral buckle, Pneumatic retinopexy or Victrectomy. Your surgeon will decide which procedure is best for you.

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic Retinopathy is caused by high blood sugar levels that damage blood vessels in the retina. The best treatment is to prevent the development of retinopathy as much as possible. Strict control of your blood sugar will significantly reduce the long term risk of vision loss from diabetic retinopathy. Medical treatment includes injection of anti-VEGF medication in the eye, laser surgery or if advanced retinopathy possibly a vitrectomy.

What is Dry eye?

Sometimes people do not produce enough tears or an appropriate quality of tears to keep their eyes healthy and comfortable. This condition is known as dry eye. Usually the eye will sting, burn or have stringy mucus in or around the eye. Dry eye is treated by an eyedrop called artificial tears. They lubricate the eye and maintain moisture.

What are Floaters?

You may sometime see small specks moving in your field of vision. These are called floaters. Floaters can appear as different shapes, such as dots, circles, lines, clouds or cobwebs. The most common cause of floaters is a vitreous detachment or retinal tear. If you suddenly develop new floaters, you should contact your ophthalmologist immediately.

What is Fuchs' Dystrophy?

Fuchs dystrophy is a progressive disease that reduces the number of specific cells that make up the inner layer of the cornea. A person with Fuchs' dystrophy may have hazy or cloudy vision. There are 2 stages of the disease, the first being blurred vision in the morning gradually getting better throughout the day, when it progresses to the second stage the vision no longer gets better later in the day and there will be sensitivity to light.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve. When damage to the optic nerve fibers occurs, blind spots develop. These blind spots usually go undetected until the nerve is significantly damaged. If the entire optic nerve is destroyed blindness results. Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in the United States.

What is Keratoconus?

Keratoconus is an uncommon condition in which the normally round dome-like cornea becomes thin and develops a cone-like bulge. With keratoconus, the shape of the cornea is altered, distorting your vision. Keratoconus can be treated with eyeglasses, implantable corneal devices or in extreme cases corneal transplant.

What is Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration is a disease of the macula a small area in the retina. When the macula does not work properly your central version can be blurry and have areas that are dark and distorted. It is the most common cause of severe vision loss in people older than 50. If you notice this distortion or dark areas contact an ophthalmologist immediately.

What is a Migraine?

A Migraine is a neurological condition with visual symptoms ( often zigzag lines, colored light or flashes of light) followed by a single sided pounding severe headache. Migraines can be triggered by certain foods, alcohol, stress and hormonal changes. Treatment usually involves avoiding the factors that may cause a migraine and to try over the counter anti-inflammatory medications. In extreme cases your physician may prescribe medications.

What is Optic Neuritis?

Optic neuritis is an inflammation of the eye's optic nerve. Optic neuritis may appear in one eye or both, symptoms may include blurred vision, dim vision, abnormal color vision or pain when moving the eyes. For some patients a medication called corticosteroids may be used to treat optic neuritis. Although some people recover normal vision without treatment, it is imperative to that you consult your ophthalmologist to avoid permanent eye damage.

What is Presbyopia?

Presbyopia is a condition in which your eyes gradually lose the ability to see things up close. You may start to notice presbyopia around the age of 40. There are a few ways to correct presbyopia, reading glasses, Bifocals or trifocals, monovision or multifocal contact lenses or refractive surgery.

What is Pterygium?

Pterygium is a growth of fleshy tissue on the conjunctiva that extends over the cornea. This growth may remain small or grow large enough to interfere with vision. In many cases, no treatment is needed. If the growth becomes large enough to threaten sight or cause a persistent discomfort, they can be removed surgically.

What is Ptosis?

Ptosis is a drooping of the upper eyelid. The lid may droop only slightly or cover the entire pupil. Ptosis can restrict and even block normal vision. It can be present in children as well as adults and may be treated with surgery.

What is Retinal Vein Occlusion?

A retinal vein occlusion occurs when a vein in the eye's retina is blocked. A blocked vein damages the blood vessels of the retina causing hemorrhages (bleeding) and leaking. Certain illnesses increase your risk of developing retinal vein occlusion, diabetes, glaucoma, high blood pressure and age related vascular diseases. There is no known cure for retinal vein occlusion, though in some cases intraocular injections or laser surgery may be done.

What is Strabismus?

Strabismus is a visual defect in which the eyes are misaligned and point in different directions. One eye may look straight ahead, while the other turns inward, outward, upward or downward. Strabismus is common among children and in some cases may be corrected by eyeglasses. Other treatments may involve surgery to correct the unbalanced eye.

What is A Stye?

A stye often appears as a red, sore lump near the edge of the eyelid. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection. It is important not to squeeze or pop a stye. This may spread the infection into the surrounding tissue. They are usually treated with either a warm compress or antibiotic ointments. Sometime a steroid injection is used to reduce inflammation.

What is Uveitis?

Uveitis is an inflammation of any of the structures of the uvea: iris, ciliary body or choroid. Uveitis may be caused by a virus, a fungus, a parasite or an injury to the eye. Symptoms of uveitis can be light sensitivity, blurred vision, pain, floaters and redness of the eye. Because of the serious nature of this disease you should be examined by an ophthalmologist as soon as possible.